Key design technology of LED high bay light

New technologies, new materials, and new technologies have been continuously applied in the design of high-power LED light sources, laying a solid foundation for the design of high-power LED lamps. In LED lamps, the more important components are the driving and heat dissipation.

1. Drive

The power supply is a high-quality, high-efficiency, and high-stability LED waterproof constant current drive power supply specially designed for LEDs. Fast start-up, wide range of compatible loads, complete protection functions, imported voltage AC85-265V, high-precision constant current control, high-efficiency and reliable performance, and all-aluminum appearance structure make LED lamps safer and more stable.

2. Heat dissipation design

In high-power LEDs, heat dissipation is a big problem. For example, a 10W white LED has a photoelectric conversion efficiency of 20%, and 8W electric energy is converted into heat energy. If heat dissipation is not used, the core temperature of the high-power LED will rise rapidly. When the junction temperature (TJ) rises above the maximum allowable temperature (usually 150), the high-power LED will be damaged due to overheating. Therefore, heat dissipation design is also the most important content. Let’s discuss the heat dissipation design from two aspects of the aluminum substrate and the heat sink.

2-1. Substrate selection

In the application of LED products, it is usually necessary to assemble multiple LED light sources on a circuit substrate. In addition to the role of the LED module structure, on the other hand, as the output power of the LED becomes higher and higher, the circuit board also plays a role of heat dissipation, dissipating the generated heat. Made of LED crystal. Therefore, the choice of materials must take into account the requirements of structural strength and heat dissipation. For the substrate, we compared FR4, ceramic substrate and MCPCB. respectively.

(1) The thermal conductivity of FR4 is about 0.36W/m. K, can not meet the heat dissipation requirements of high-power LED lighting.

(2) The thermal conductivity of ceramics is greater than 80W/m. K, expensive, poor processability, can not be used in a large area.

(3) The thermal conductivity of MCPCB is greater than 2.0W/m. K. Moderate price, strong processability, mature technology and mass production.

2-2 Radiator design

The role of the heat sink is to absorb the heat transferred from the substrate or chip, and then diffuse to the external environment to ensure the normal temperature of the LED chip. Most radiators are carefully designed for natural convection and forced convection. Namely active radiator and passive radiator.

3. Features of LED high bay lights:

  • The LED high bay light uses a single high-power LED lamp as the light source, adopts a unique multi-chipset single-module light source design, and uses imported high-brightness semiconductor chips, high thermal conductivity, low light decay, pure color, no ghosting Features;
  • The unique heat sink design, combined with the electric box, effectively diffuses the heat, thereby reducing the temperature in the lamp, and effectively ensuring the life of the light source and power supply.
  • The surface of the radiator is anodized and anticorrosive, and the structure is compact and beautiful.
  • Green and environmentally friendly, no pollution, no lead, mercury and other polluting elements, no pollution to the environment.
  • The color display effect is good, the color of the object is more real, and a variety of light colors are available. It can meet the needs of different environments, eliminate the depressive emotions brought by the color temperature of traditional lamps, make the vision comfortable, and improve people’s work efficiency.
  • It adopts constant current and constant voltage control, applies wide voltage, overcomes the power grid, noise pollution and light instability caused by the ballast, and avoids eye irritation and fatigue.
  • The decoration effect is good, the special surface treatment technology is adopted, the appearance is novel, the installation is simple, the disassembly is convenient, and the application range is wide.

Post time: Sep-01-2021